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July 9, Author: ALEMBAH 0 Comments The term African Beads is used to refer to both beads locally produced by indigenous people of the African continent and Trade Beads that have traveled from other parts of the world and now circulate or were recently sourced from Africa. Together, these beads have played an enormous role in the culture, fashion, economy and artistic expression of the African people. Today, they are cherished by collectors, jewellery makers, and everyday people who just love wearing African beads! African tribal beads and glass beads also hold a special mythical significance as well. Beads and Bead- making have a long history in Africa. Beads have been made by indigenous Africans for thousands of years. In ancient times, Egyptians, Greeks, and Indians established trading bases in East Africa and eventually the Arabs invaded in the eighth century and established trade routes with the wealthy kingdom of Ghana in modern-day Mauritania. The Arabs brought glass beads to the Niger Delta to trade for gold and slaves.

Trade Bead Information

Their name derives from the popularity among the Fulani people of Mali, who traditionally present them to their daughters on the eve of her wedding. Mali Wedding Beads Mali Wedding Beads are among the earliest types of Bohemian trade beads to be produced using the mechanical pressing method, originally patented in France by Jean-Felix Bapterosses in Molten glass is distributed into molds, then fired under pressure to achieve a uniform shape.

Pressed beads typically have a visible seam running the entire perimeter of the bead, although in the case of Mali Wedding Beads, was often ground down by hand to achieve a smooth finish.

African Trade Beads | Six extra large Venetian millefiori beads dating to the early `s and used for the African trade. These ones have dark blue or black .

These were large beads of shell or ivory. What we think of as beadwork, using small seed beads, is also quite old. There are beaded items in Egypt, using small faience beads, dating back years. King Tut had beadwork in his tomb, including a pair of slippers he must have worn as a child and a hassock showing captive nations. Tut didn’t capture any nations, but beadworkers flattered the Pharaoh as well as anyone. Other early examples tend to be rare because the cloth or leather on which the beads were sewn disintegrate.

Beadwork is recorded in India at an early date. There are 9th century B. Buddhist monks were admonished not to wear beaded shoes. The first reference to bead weaving is from about A.

African / Trade Beads

There are so many different kinds of beads, and the stories, wow! Many arguments arise when discussing fur trade beads. What do I mean when we say fur trade beads? Well, the ones that came out west before , during the rendezvous period, and earlier.

Beads have stood the test of time lasting, in some cases, for thousands of years. There is evidence that the descendants of Native Americans in prehistoric times used beads as adornment in jewelry as well as a way to trade.

Anderson Committee Members Gerald F. Schroedl, Chad Black Abstract The Protohistoric period in East Tennessee is poorly understood in the archaeological record and is defined as the intermediate period between the Late Mississippian and Historic periods in the seventeenth century. Earlier research focused on depopulation, population replacement, and the rise of Overhill Cherokee settlements in the eighteenth century, with little attention to the transitional Protohistoric period.

The goal of this dissertation is to examine new fields of evidence and employ new dating methods in order to fully understand the Protohistoric period in East Tennessee This dissertation does this in three ways. It explores three hypotheses concerning the habitation of East Tennessee, using extant archaeological collections and new theoretical models to redefine habitation patterns during the Protohistoric period.

Finally, it uses temporally sensitive ceramic rim metrics at the microseriation level to develop a transitional Protohistoric potting tradition exists between Prehistoric Mississippian and Historic Cherokee ceramics in East Tennessee. This dissertation uses glass bead and ceramic collections from the McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture and other comparative collections to show a continuous occupation of the East Tennessee Valley from the Prehistoric period into the seventeenth century.

THE HISTORY OF AFRICAN BEADS

See Article History Bead, small, usually round object made of glass , wood , metal , nut, shell, bone , seed , or the like, pierced for stringing. Among primitive peoples, beads were worn as much for magical as for decorative purposes; hence, little variation was allowed in their shapes and materials. In Arab countries in the 20th century, single blue talismanic beads are attached to domestic animals, children, brides, and even automobiles to avert bad luck.

Because of the value attached to them as light articles of trade and as substitutes for coinage, beads yield valuable information about ancient trade and cultural patterns. In prehistoric times, beads were worn not only around the neck but around the hips, over the ears, threaded through the nose, and even attached to the eyelashes. In the Stone Age , the earliest beads probably were plant seeds; but, by Acheulian times, collars of seashells and small fossils were bored for stringing, and, from the Aurignacian and Magdalenian periods, whole necklaces of pierced shells have survived, some of them carried long distances from the sea.

Jul 07,  · Glass Trade Beads I don’t know if this has already been started or not but it could be invaluable if not. Some of the beads will be impossible to distinguish and will have to be lumped in (like blue or white seed beads), but it’s geographic location is still important.

Shop all Swarovski shapes, styles and sizes in every one of these splendid shades! Seed Beads Preciosa Ornela rocaille seed beads are by far our most popular and versatile seed bead available. Preciosa Ornela rocaille seed beads are of superior quality, machine cut, and are highly valued for their use in bead stringing, bead weaving, embroidery and much much more!

Preciosa seed beads are proven to be of the upmost value, and demonstrate the highest level of shape consistency. Click here to watch the video. Czech Druks Czech druk beads are round pressed glass treasures manufactured in the age old Czech tradition by Jablonex, the World’s top name in glass beads. Druk beads are consistently uniform in shape and size, and are available in nearly innumerable finish and color combinations. Druk beads are widely used in numerous jewelry designs, and are the perfect combination of quality and economy.

These popular and versatile Czech glass beads are hand made in small batches, so some slight color variance is to be expected from batch to batch and size to size. We have over a dozen Books full of fun projects!!

Kenya: Africa Adorned – a Long History of Beads And Deeds

I had to cut another sheet. I made this one too short in the photograph. Condition some yellow clay and roll out a sheet on the thickest setting in your clay machine and then do that with the red too.

Dating back thousands of years c Superb Nepalese trade Beads currency Coral Gemstone Beads total of 53 pieces used as Currency amazing to use in jewelry or just to hang it on the wall beads size varies from 1″ length by 1/4 diameter ” ” long and 26″ long when open 28 beads total.

This striking revelation occurred as elegant Egyptian glass beads were found in Danish Bronze Age burials dating back to years ago. This finding proves that there were established trade routes between the far north and the Levant as early as the 13th century. During excavation across 51 burials sites inside of Denmark, glass beads have been found, with the majority of them originating from Nippur, Mesopotamia, which is approximately 50 km southeast of modern-day Baghdad.

In the north, the blue glass was seen as magic and truly a gem from the heavens. This style of blue was a rare and worshiped color during ancient times. Danish examiners believe the blue glass beads placed in the graves had religious meaning. Also, glass and amber seem to be closely related, in the North as well as in the South. The connection of the glass and amber was not accidental, the archaeologists believe.

Specific social values would have been conveyed by wearing the two materials together. Therefore, the highest elite that controlled both the production and distribution of amber directly benefited from its export by receiving the beautiful Egyptian glass beads. These 23 blue glass beads were thoroughly inspected using plasma-spectrometry, a famously effective method that allows scientists to compare trace elements inside of the beads without damaging them.

Venetian trade beads

The ancient world was far flung and full of mysteries, legends, adventures, romances, and battles won and lost All the antiquities listed below are guaranteed to be authentic, and dated as best as we possibly can Reference books cited here are: This is a group of delicate glass tubular beads in a creamy colour accented by seed beads of various colours. Strand 1 has 17 inches of beads plus pendant. Here is a group of “gold” glass ancient beads.

Stunning glass beads found in Danish Bronze Age burials dating to years ago turn out to have come from ancient Egypt – in fact, from the workshop that made the blue beads buried with the famous boy-king Tutankhamun. The discovery proves that there were established trade routes between the far.

Nepal metal statues or the meatal crafts are highly know in Nepal. The cating of bronze, brass and copper statuary is Nepal’s oldest living craft tradition, dating back at least years. Modern metal crafts are develop finde mode based on antique metal work style. Metal Statues are of buddhist deities in Tibetan style, although there are Newari style of buddhist and hindu images.

Nepal Art Shop is one of the shop delivering such metal work. Nepal Stautes are made of different metals like copper, oxide, partly gold and of full gold. Statues are made by well experience skillful artist. We have buddha statues liekwise tara statues, mahakal statues, ganesh status and many more.

One more step

At this point, many beads stone or shell will be lost–they will chip or will crack and fly off as the grinder catches a flaw or burr. Each type of material must be ground separately. For example, pipestone and jet high grade anthracite coal are soft and grind down much faster than the harder materials such as turquoise, shell or lapis.

Dating back nearly 30, years, the lampworking process has remained a popular and laborous art. Modern lampwork beads are made by using a gas torch to heat a rod of glass and spinning the resulting thread around a metal rod covered in bead release.

Together, these beads have played an enormous role in the culture, fashion, economy and artistic expression of the African people. Today, they are cherished by collectors, jewellery makers, and everyday people who just love wearing African beads! African tribal beads and glass beads also hold a special mythical significance as well. Beads and Bead- making have a long history in Africa. Beads have been made by indigenous Africans for thousands of years.

In ancient times, Egyptians, Greeks, and Indians established trading bases in East Africa and eventually the Arabs invaded in the eighth century and established trade routes with the wealthy kingdom of Ghana in modern-day Mauritania. The Arabs brought glass beads to the Niger Delta to trade for gold and slaves. The modern production of beads is in some sense a family tradition, where tools and techniques are passed from one generation to the next.

Bead-making is a labour-intensive process and since many beads are hand-made, there is variability in the appearance of individual beads even within a single strand. African beads are made from a diverse array of materials. Some of the oldest beads were made from natural materials such as stones, clay, plant materials such as doum palm nuts and bamboo stems, animal materials such as ostrich eggshells, bones such as the Bank Batik Bone bead of Kenya, buffalo horn, and marine shells such as the Conus.

9 fancy Antique VENETIAN GLASS BEADS from AFRICAN TRADE

Chevron Or Rosetta Star Beads My Collection, a Mix of Old and New Red, White and Blue Chevrons My matched strand from the same cane I always promised myself I wouldn’t get hooked on Beads, but sooner or later you just have to have something to wear with your red, white and blue regalia and I just couldn’t help but fall in love with these Chevrons I have collected over the past few years.

I finally have them strung up in a useable and ascetic form and can’t wait to try them on when I am all “Dressed Up”. My collection consists of a long strand of matched graduated old seven layer beads, a small strand of mixed old leftover beads and a modern strand of beads featuring a new bead I call the “Mirror Ball”. Here is some research I found on my beads, I found the sources very interesting and have provided links to the most interesting ones.: They were traded here, but very early in the game.

Chevrons were traded with African tribes for slaves and ivory, and Native Americans, primarily in southwest Arizona.

GLASS TRADE BEADS FROM THE ENGLISH COLONIAL PERIOD IN THE SOUTHEAST, CA. A.D. – the key types of beads recovered from sites dating to this period. His method of seriation was especially Spanish colonial period in the Southeast (ca. –).

And his voice is as powerful as his collection of beads and African art, largely collected from the bead people of Mali, West Africa. He moved to Detroit with his parents from Mississippi because of the political and social unrest in the South during the 60s. Detroit provided him and his family with ground to anchor for freedom and inspired his own aim for wealth within culture.

In , he started collecting African beads. That same year, the African Bead Museum opened. Located on Grand River Avenue, you can find within African artifacts; sculptures, textiles, pottery, and bead works dating back hundreds of years from cultures throughout Africa. A mission to exemplify the vastness of African material culture. According to Dabls, 90 percent of beads are African trade beads with years of culture. Something about it triggers a sense of familiarity everywhere.

Seeding Colonialism; European trade Beads within Native American Contexts

AB Finish This iridescent finish used on glass and plastic beads is named after the colorful lights seen in northern skies, the aurora borealis, or AB for short. The finish is also called rainbow. AB beads may be any color and are usually monochromatic and transparent, but they may also be matte or even pearlized, as well as striped or silver-lined.

Beads are given an AB finish by passing them through vaporized metal ions. This process leaves a thin deposit on their surface of tiny metallic particles, which break up light waves into the colors of the spectrum, much as water droplets refract sunlight to create a rainbow. This iridescent play of light causes the underlying color of the beads to shift, sometimes considerably.

How to Date Antique Chevron Trade Beads Investigating the history of African trade beads is a tricky task. While many beads feature tell-tale signs of antiquity, such as pitting and small fractures, these alone are rarely indicative of their true age or origins.

Special thanks is given to Shirley Wiesmann who has compiled this data and we hope you will find it helpful. Silver Definitions Pure Silver has a brilliant white metallic luster. It is very ductile and malleable below gold and palladium one of the platinum metals. In order for Pure Silver to be hard enough and suitable for arts and crafts including jewelry, it must be alloyed with other metallic components which helps to make it hard enough and suitable for crafting.

Designers have crafted bead chains, chokers, necklaces, earrings, pendants, rings, bracelets, hair clips, brooches and jewelry sets using Pure Silver and an alloy additive. Products that have been crafted out of Pure Silver with alloys are ecclesiastical of the church and domestic plate, flatware, jewelry, buttons, buckles, boxes, toilet articles to name a few. This silver content tarnishes more slowly than sterling. The metal will not wear down.

Sterling silver is Jewelry buyers highly prefer Sterling Silver jewelry and accessories with the selection including classic and contemporary designs having been created by some of the finest silver craftsmen throughout the years. The price of the Sterling Silver jewelry item will be affected by the labor involved in making the item, the skill of the craftsperson, and the intricacy of the design. Sterling Silver has the most ideal percentage of metal for having durability and natural bright sheen and the patina adheres to polish bringing the beautiful jewelry piece back to its original appearance when new.

Coin Silver Coin silver is 90 percent parts pure silver and 10 percent parts alloy metal. As its name implies, coin silver was used to produce U.

African beads and glass trade beads – CNN Report


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